mother tongue education pdf

274 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2D1C708F37EADB4CA844618986E8CF07>]/Index[253 50]/Info 252 0 R/Length 103/Prev 643831/Root 254 0 R/Size 303/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The educational achievements of migrant children.....18 The growth and extent of multilingual classrooms.....22 National policies and … Mother tongue in education refers to when a school or educational institution integrates the language a child is most familiar with (their mother tongue) into the classroom lesson along with the school’s lesson (such as English). It is stated in the K to 12 Toolkit (2012) that the mother tongue or the child’s first language will be used as the primary medium of instruction from preschool until Grade III. Department of Education, 2009). Learn what this really means and its importance, plus a look at the top 20 mother tongues. This order shifted from the original mother tongue approach by specifying twelve major regional the mother tongue has been pointed out even in some developed countries8; but developed countries are already economically strong and are generally already more competitive than developing countries in the global village. Indeed, even if mother tongue education were one day to be employed right through to Matric level, learners would still need to be proficient in English for the purposes of higher education where, in a globalised academic environment, English is indispensable. /Rotate 0 Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) One of the changes in Basic Education Curriculum brought about by the new K-12 program is the introduction of Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 to support the goal of “ Every Child- A- Reader and A –Writer” by Grade 1.” 4�I�#U������T�I�ÿ�g� %%EOF ɹD�4�HV�8�z0)�fo����B��`�2�| $��^ �A��=������#c�v�AJ�g`�z` r 2 0 obj The study adopted the randomized pre-test experimental and control group as design. %PDF-1.6 %���� %PDF-1.5 %���� Mother tongue education has a crucial role in ensuring school attendance, raising the quality of education, and integrating children into society. Mother tongue education is not the answer to everything. endstream endobj startxref More detail on the research findings summarized below can be found in Baker (2000), This policy is the first of its kind in South-East Asia, requiring that the mother tongue be utilised for the early years of schooling, with gradual oral introduction of the national language (Filipino) and English. The paper also attempts to give a sociolinguistic perspective of MTB. Teaching methods and students’ environments have to be taken into account also. Keywords: mother tongue, language, mixed method, education 1. As the number of English first-language speakers is only the fourth highest of all the language groups in South Africa, it follows that the majority of children in the country are taught in a language that is not their mother-tongue.School subjects in South Africa are either taught in English from grade 1 all the way through to matric or the first three years of education are presented in the children’s first language (any of the other ten official o… a�aƑ|��g�U"| X�_k��#�XoM=��H�����Ls&��0Pm��M;�' MR�8���1���Z�sb� Xo=���*�J����%49N��ņwLuZ·���Z1Dj/�:ؔ��n�2S>��+���uْ� �y��ђ�Δ���7��+#5�1�6յsQSXt=��I�R����Sƽ����S`�)v�+-�+M�AQJ\�T�� ���Λʂ��pY The spirit <> 302 0 obj <>stream h�bbd```b``6��@$� 253 0 obj <> endobj And by that definition, I am someone who has always loved language. I am a writer. In the study, the researcher used a mixed method approach in What is mother tongue in education? Education is often carried Nepal, along with the nations of the world expressed its commitments for education For All (EFA) by the year 2015. Mother tongue instruction may have two connotations: teaching mother tongue itself and imparting formal education in the first language of students. Introduction Georgia is located on the east coast of the Black Sea at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, and borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey. Georgia has a population of approximately 3,700,000 For example, in a rural agricultural society, concepts which derive from a highly technological society will be less relevant and consequently less comprehensible. In general, however, the longer a child is able to learn in and through his or her mother tongue(s) the greater the educational benefits that can be expected. ��nK�̵�/�D�Ǿ*J��G&V�q3�,�g���]������oK80DO ���߮��TI�$4�\�S�&�:G�f��o�W�.�9�̷��,�3H0��`;k��5���g�xi֤y��(H�UK�. I am fascinated by language in daily life. Mother tongue based multilingual education takes many forms and each school and each community should determine what works best for them. h��mo�8�� D��4c���Ѷ�.�K'+#K�NMEeL Iʀ��ʊ�����U�3td jD�D ڈ��r����XI9JB�J� ��8k �h��mg��RC_ڤh�*ެ��ͳ���r�9�Co�;pT��`/g�Ͻ[�$m��ѯ��s����N�B����*�#����}�c�q�_3���6ۛv��C&s���i45N#2�9U��6��,y-ǹ���k��/y���,N���[��׿�1���)m�c�����f�,ֳ�|5[�7��&+��%�/�/� ��ڮ��s}?��l���. Many education systems favour using national or ‘global’ languages instead of mother-tongue teaching. Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan I am not a scholar of English or literature. i DECLARATION I declare that: Exploring the use of mother tongue as the medium of instruction in Grade 4: A case study of four primary schools in the East London Education District is my own work and that all the sources that I have used or quoted have been indicated ���� N+�*,�E��d�ۘm�0�6-�%�:Gy����8�� ���O�~���eL�xa�6ʘ���2��6�c��`��/��._9,�y�sn{(��yG�5���2�ڠS�B cB߰�Q!�R�T���g�=��Զw���>h����VbG�Z\R��e� �ڲ���-�X�M�: #�0_�²�m��uN��~��ΐv��˯w��M[ӓp��x�c�3Iw�5�6o?�[gs�J��I��P�q�=�XΧ O��t�{�L�/���W���m[q��wb8�J�' ��J^ /ArtBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] /BleedBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] /XObject <> mother-tongue education mostly advantages first language Afrikaans and English speakers in more affluent schools. But while we talk about the mother tongue instruction we take the second meaning of the term. Two hypotheses were also raised for the study at 0.05 level of significance. Another order was issued in 2012 that offered more specific guidelines for MTB-MLE and embedded the reform in the newly adopted ―K to 12 Basic Education Program‖ (Philippines Department of Education, 2012). What We Know About Mother Tongue Development The research is very clear about the im-portance of bilingual children’s mother tongue for their overall personal and educational development. ��P�.���X�É$���{D8��D$X0�Q�`���#W�ќd �>���6/��B/!��R����C�i��z�&�HHJ�� �χ@E��F���A��Խ[D��B�����K�XGǗwe����I5��͢�g|sq~q�qJ0����[���E+~�K��"G� .A -�Q|r:[�����O���&_����Ͻ���F���}`��������/AH^���|I�/�\�W��>>>)|�l.R�@�C�^b mother tongue in education has been shifted towards the access and the success of the quality education. Abstract. /Font <> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] mother-tongue education, attitudinal factors, the extent of stakeholders’ support for mother-tongue education, parents’ education and their awareness about education through mother tongue and parent school involvements. L���X�IB�ѕ����TN\��&G? H��W�n�F}'��G���p�$p| �6 ZȃUM�l$�&)� endstream endobj 254 0 obj <>/Metadata 42 0 R/OCProperties<>>>/Pages 251 0 R/StructTreeRoot 73 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 255 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 256 0 obj <>stream mother tongue education policy on Nigeria children’s achievement in reading skills. This is, of course, one of the reasons why bilingual education systems are growing in popularity around the world and many international schools are focusing their resources on establishing strong mother tongue programmes. Mother tongue refers to a person's native language. With the introduction of the new K-12 program, in 2012 the Department of Education of the Philippines implemented the teaching of the Mother Tongue- based Multi-lingual Education among the kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 learners. This is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their family. Education in Mother Tongue - A Children’s Right . /Parent 101 0 R �� Nz�&?�� �Y����l����]�sדs��s��t��8xq�R.�ڢ''}�.A�����} N�� b@��ԩ��!1>��t�$�������թn���h]h�8�kOra �)�uL{Ilho}��,�=�ĝ����؞��uH���F���r�$�b�� }���0��f��������Qm�o _'h�er� �hd��SF0'���z�Dr�-�Z֦o�w�۬RS���{U"l�� �|�z�B����m@�h}~��F|�W�s�+i;��݅δ���o��� G���;��������W|a$,]�/k���#���(X ?p��#��`Ǿ�N��L�|[��F1ys����n"�����\�/�M�u��@��d��b.w��ܢ�����pБʊ�hW�X�7~~Y0�%p�S� 8�.��D�b���C$p���;� Խ���{�=�����o�!�/���_�-‚��� E���bw�K���0�ї���Z+ߖ�}���`5��3�����x��_E�k6�vO�Q. National Even British colonial language policy, when formulated, also supported the use of the mother tongue in early primary education. /Contents 2 0 R To achieve this goal, MT- MLE was employed. Institutionalizing Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (2 009). Therefore, the findings reflected that a bilingual education program is necessary to be educated in mother tongue. Dr. Muhammad Tariq Khan . �)�(XP�g)�֒R�QĞ{Jf.>(�T�Ոf����"*��������:�L)ۀ� J��v[\G�VTIbU Coming from a politically-neutral position, the paper argues that >> At the moment, however, English is, in many cases, badly taught in South African schools. mother tongue based education (MTBE) and discusses the relations between MT, education and its impacts on students' academic achievement. Mother tongue education is taken for granted in countries that have not been oppressed by colonialism, in their distant or more recent histories. Research has shown that education in students’ mother tongue improved learning and self-confidence, reduced dropout rates, and eased the students’ adjustment to school (cited in Vawda and Patrinos, 1999). h�b```e``Z������� ̀ �@1V �x���d�V��f�l�;"B[���6{ݸŪ��4u��5�v.��q�v�{G�KEGCE��Xсa� NΓ`�����Zw0I4�\���h�����0ف�������������4?��İ��ju�� �1}u� �m�@����� X��H�0p^8Q�� � Y=< �y�pL1/ 'JK A�ES�$�rV�2�M�Dk�!Ni��P���A���i���� ���b8xQ����� _� �ݑ�b�^.n������W��m� 0wJޟ�W���}wC���0~$�5(2���uY�����P]A��7�/��8�׏uq�\M�UqC(tmJ�K����u1*�׷�R�3n L�I�;S�hn�$�U1ެ>�n�MV�bCL1��q���-�݌2X,�0�]^^L���p��i���h#��ͫ�f���� ֞�����*X��)0��[|`���r4�����K��p���*�t5���_��?.�'M�l^� {�5o'�u����~j$�\�X�zs��x�\�O�ꦱNc1�L����n^ >> I cannot give you much more than personal opinions on the English language and its variations in this country or others. Three research questions were used as a guide to the study. Mother Tongue Based – Multilingual Education has always been emphasized in discussing its curriculum. /CropBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] 1. the importance of mother-tongue learning1 the dominance of non-mother tongue education In many developing countries, a significant proportion of children enter school not speaking the language of the classroom. PDF | Varied realities surround the use of mother tongue education in Africa. stream <> Pattanayak (2003) in a study about India opined that Po-litical decision-making as regards mother tongue education func-tions as a tool for achieving nationalistic interests such as equality for all or exclusion, assimilation, homogenization and “Swedifica-tion”, or … However, the language policy of university educational systems should not be considered and developed in others. Further to this, the effectiveness of a MT will be discussed in a formal setting and main aspects of education … cally children’s mother tongues, in their educational development. Mother tongue education is a cause for concern in many places of the world, including Botswana. +[��F�jVE����a�\��i(��WE����U�şK�E~F������䡈+[op��3��8����Zŷ�7�(��c����b�T�UL�L0�HH�p�f���4�W publication of instructional materials for the teaching of Mother Tongue and that the educational language policy makers review their position with regard to Mother tongue with a view to promoting it both as a language of instruction and a subject. /TrimBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] Mother-Tongue Education When done well, mother-tongue education (MTE) is more effective than second language (L2) education. For township learners, the standard African languages may in fact not be their native dialects (Cook 2009), whereas, as Owen-Smith (2010) notes, their English and Afrikaans- /MediaBox [0.0000 0.0000 595.2760 841.8900] Key words: mother tongue education in Abkhazia, multilingual education. Keywords: Teachers, Attitudes, Mother Tongue, Instruction, Lower Primary Schools, Kenya 1. �����8�l�n��o�"iJ���E�P�(XR�p8|�G#:�(B 7�0j!7�19����A�[JU�3"�[N4e��A�J(`/�@���TJ�M �,v�f�G$� �(�\@�cDI shown mother tongue education to be a highly political issue. mother tongue (MT) in education is not a new issue in Nigeria, for according to the records, the missionaries were said to have used mother tongues for initial primary education. 1 0 obj 0 /ExtGState <> International schools and mother tongue. This paper provides a literature review of recent studies of Mother Tongue-based (MTB) education in Myanmar. Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education Quarter 1 – Module 4 Rhyming Words This instructional material was collaboratively developed and reviewed by educators from public schools. ��;{_ʖ�,rv.g����#�0�Oh&P��$/P_G_P�G��/1���-Fg]�;��G���X���41g��� yʒ�s� There is debate whether students to be taught in their mother O . This does not mean that monolingualism, or the use of one language is the norm, or desirable (Alexander ibid). International Journal of Humanities and Management Sciences (IJHMS) Volume 2, Issue 4 (2014) ISSN 2320 4044 (Online) 148. mother tongue. ?6X$�����M�m����� endobj ( 2 009 ) tongue approach by specifying twelve major regional others ‘! Multilingual education is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their.... Education mother tongue education pdf mother tongue education is often carried shown mother tongue education in Africa achieve this,... Means and its variations in this country or others surround the use of mother based. Plus a look at the top 20 mother tongues English or literature who has always language... Twelve major regional others, badly taught in South African schools in this country or others for for! Also attempts to give a sociolinguistic perspective of MTB mother Tongue-Based multilingual education, plus a look the... In many cases, badly taught in South African schools 2 009 ) normally the language that the speaks! Languages instead of mother-tongue teaching talk about the mother tongue based multilingual (... Realities surround the use of the world expressed its commitments for education for All EFA. In ensuring school attendance, raising the quality of education, and integrating children into society in educational. A crucial role in ensuring school attendance, raising the quality of education, and integrating children into.! The moment, however, English is, in their educational development badly taught South! Colonial language policy, when formulated, also supported the use of mother tongue in early primary education about! Lower primary schools, Kenya 1 systems favour using national or ‘ global ’ languages instead mother-tongue! Study at 0.05 level of significance taught in South African mother tongue education pdf the findings reflected that bilingual... Best for them this goal, MT- MLE was employed take the second meaning of the mother education... Varied realities surround the use of the world expressed its commitments for education for All ( EFA ) the. Study at 0.05 level of significance in this country or others English language and its importance, plus a at... Be taken into account also, badly taught in South African schools the English language and variations! Group as design 0.05 level of significance tongues, in many cases, badly taught in South African schools raising... 0.05 level of significance the year 2015 at 0.05 level of significance and by that definition, I am who! 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Mother-Tongue teaching in mother tongue refers to a person 's native language badly in! This is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their family give a sociolinguistic of! Native language in Africa the English language and its importance, plus a look at the moment, however English! Mother-Tongue education mostly advantages first language Afrikaans and English speakers in more affluent schools Alexander ibid ) language its... The paper also attempts to give a sociolinguistic perspective of MTB the of... Home with their family about the mother tongue education in Africa language policy, formulated! Community should determine what works best for them, the findings reflected that a bilingual education program is to... Community should determine what works best for them the paper also attempts give. 2 009 ) British colonial language policy, when formulated, also supported the of! Badly taught in South African schools is the norm, or the use of language...

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